Les manjaques entre le pluralisme institutionnel et l’anomie social




Prof. Dr. Dieter Neubert





Mendes, Dr. Paulina


10 / 2008 - 05 / 2015



The PhD project analyses the entanglement of local and universal knowledge as they are reflected in the thought and behaviour of the Manjaco, mainly with regard to the problem of conflict resolution. I am particularly looking into the practice of mandji which not only Manjaco, but also members of other Bissau-Guinean ethnic groups (although in a different manner), resort to. It is also analysed how this practice finds its way into the state apparatus and how it wields influence there. I refer to this phenomenon as 'mandjization'. It should be highlighted that while the local knowledge plays an important role in the socio-cultural interaction of members of the Manjaco ethnic group, the universal knowledge is not absent - a situation that allows for the entanglement of the two forms of knowledge, sometimes causing situations of uncertainty.

For realising this research I selected two villages: Bachil in the Sector of Cacheu and Utia Côr in the Sector of Canchungo. The considerable dissimilarity of these villages helps to better elucidate the aims of my research; Bachil is characterized by a multi-ethnic social structure without the political institution of the chief (régulo), while Utia Côr is mono-ethnic and disposes of the political institution of the régulo.